The Grounds for Divorce Under Christian Law in India

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In this article, we’ll take a look at the grounds for divorce under Christian law in India. We’ll discuss what is required to file for a divorce and the different factors that are taken into consideration when deciding who gets custody of the children and who gets to keep the property. We’ll also talk about the process of getting a divorce and what to expect once the proceedings start.

If you’re considering getting a divorce, it’s important to understand the legal process and what to expect. This article will give you a basic understanding of the grounds of divorce under Christian law in India.

Christian Divorce Act 1869

In general, Christians in India are governed by the Indian Divorce Act, 1869. This law allows Christians to file for divorce on the grounds of adultery, cruelty, desertion, and religious conversion.

If you’re filing a divorce under Christian law in India, you’ll need to provide evidence to support your case. This could include affidavits from witnesses, letters, or other documentation that proves your spouse has been unfaithful or has mistreated you. If you can’t come to an agreement with your spouse outside of court, the case will go to trial where a judge will decide the outcome.

Under the Indian Christian Divorce Act, there are three grounds for divorce: adultery, desertion, and cruelty.

Adultery is pretty straightforward: it’s when one spouse has sex with someone else. Desertion happens when one spouse leaves the other without any reasonable explanation. And cruelty covers a lot of ground, including mental and physical abuse.

Under Christian law in India, there are two types of divorce:

  • Judicial
  • Administrative

Judicial divorce is a long process and is granted only if the couple can prove that they have been living separately for a period of two years or more, or that one of them has been baptised in a different religion.

Administrative divorce, on the other hand, is a quicker process. It can be granted a fast divorce if the couple has been living separately for a period of six months or more, or if either spouse has committed adultery.

If you’re considering getting a divorce, it’s important to understand the grounds that are available to you under Christian law. Talk to a lawyer or a noted legal firm who can help you navigate this tricky process.

Christian Divorce Alimony Rules

If you are considering a divorce under Christian law in India, you should be aware of the alimony rules.

Alimony is the financial support that one spouse provides to the other after a divorce. In India, alimony is usually paid by the husband to the wife, but it can also be paid by the wife to the husband.

  • The amount of alimony that is paid depends on a number of factors, including the couple’s income and assets, and the length of the marriage. In general, however, alimony payments are designed to help the receiving spouse maintain their standard of living after the divorce.

If you are considering a divorce, it is important to speak to an experienced lawyer who can help you understand your rights and responsibilities under Indian law.

Mutual Divorce in Christian Marriage Act

Under the Indian Christian Marriage Act, a couple can legally get divorced if they mutually agree to it. To make their divorce valid, both parties have to agree on the following grounds:

  • Adultery
  • Desertion for a period of two years or more
  • Cruelty, whether mental or physical
  • Conversion to another religion by one spouse without the consent of the other
  • Incurable mental illness of one spouse

What Are the Grounds for Divorce Under Christian Law in India?

There are several grounds for divorce under Christian law in India. The most common one is adultery, which is when one of the spouses has an affair.

Other grounds for divorce include desertion, mental cruelty, and religious conversion. If one of the spouses converts to a different religion and the other one doesn’t agree with it, that can also be grounds for divorce.

When it comes to getting a divorce, Christians in India have a few more grounds to choose from than those who follow other faiths. Here are the most common grounds for divorce under Christian law in India:

  • Adultery: This is by far the most common ground for divorce, and it’s easy to see why. If one partner is caught cheating, it can be grounds for the relationship to end.
  • Cruelty: If one partner is routinely cruel or abusive, it can be ground for a divorce. This can include physical, verbal, or emotional abuse.
  • Desertion: If one partner leaves the relationship without any explanation or warning, it can be ground for a divorce
  • Dishonesty: If one partner has been caught lying or cheating, it can be ground for a divorce.
  • Mental illness: If one partner is diagnosed with a mental illness that makes them unable to care for themselves or the relationship, it can be ground for a divorce.
  • Physical illness: If one partner becomes seriously ill and is unable to care for themselves or the relationship, it can be ground for a divorce.

Incurable insanity: If one partner becomes incurably insane, it can be a reason of divorce.

How to File for Divorce Under Christian Law in India

So you and your spouse have decided to call it quits. The next step is to file for divorce under Christian law in India. Here’s how you do it:

  • The first step is to download the application form from the website of the Indian Divorce Court. Fill out the form carefully, making sure to provide all the required information.
  • Next, take a sworn affidavit (a statement on oath) before a notary public or a magistrate, stating that you have been living separately for at least two years and that you have no hope of reconciliation.
  • Attach copies of all relevant documents to your affidavit, such as rental agreements, bank statements, etc. You will also need to provide a copy of your marriage certificate.
  • Finally, submit the completed application form and supporting documents to the court nearest your residence. Keep in mind that you will need to appear in person before the court to give testimony.

You can also connect to any legal firms like Lex Solutions which have years of experience in all sorts of legal matters including divorce and alimony issues. They will also help you in framing the Christian divorce petition format.


If you are considering a divorce under Christian law in India, it is important to understand the grounds for divorce and how they may apply to your situation and we hope this article has helped in that.

Consulting with a lawyer can help you understand your legal options and make the best decision for you and your family. For legal and professional advice and assistance, Lex solution is a good law firm to consider. With a broad variety of legal expertise across countries, Lex Solutions is a boutique law practice with branches in Delhi, Chandigarh, and Mohali.

According to estimates, 65% of people living in urban areas around the world are tenants. This is also true in India due to the sky-high prices of real estate in the major cities and the large population of migrant workers who live there. Nevertheless, living as a renter can be a peaceful arrangement, but occasionally there are situations where one can run into rental problems and other connected issues, such as receiving an unauthorized eviction notice or the erratic behaviour of the landlord.

Are you, however, a renter who is experiencing such problems or simply curious about what to do if you ever find yourself in a similar situation? In that case, allow us to help you through this blog, which will briefly discuss about the several protections against landowner harassment.

What does illegal eviction of tenants mean?

An illegal eviction, also known as an unlawful termination of tenancy, typically happens when a landowner forbids a tenant from entering a rental property or removes the tenant’s belongings from the property through the use of force, intimidation, or other methods (such as cutting off utilities or changing the locks). However, if the landowners evict you without taking the proper legal action, they are breaking the law.

How Do You Respond When Your Landlord Forcibly Evicts You?

Almost every state has rental control legislation pertaining to tenant protection, and each state has established specific circumstances for which the landlord may lawfully evict the renter. Additionally, a tenant has a legal right under the law to appear in court and defend himself against unlawful eviction, and some of those accessible remedies for tenants are discussed below:

Grounds for eviction

Non-payment of rent, breach of the lease, property damage, and illegal activity are the most typical grounds for evicting a renter. The tenant must therefore review the provisions of the State Rent Control Act to ascertain the grounds for eviction specified in the Act. In addition, if the tenant is being evicted for any reason other than those specified in the Act—which is considered wrongful eviction—they must seek the help of an eviction lawyer and the enforcement agencies to halt this.

Suit for injunction

A renter might be unable to leave a property when asked to do so for a number of reasons, such as having a medical emergency or having his elderly parents live with him. When this happens, the tenant has the option to file a case in the appropriate court to obtain an injunction that will prevent them from being evicted for any other grounds (other than those listed in the State’s Rent Act). Along with the assistance of housing rental lawyers, the renter should take this action, if they are violently evicted without providing them with adequate notice.

Rent Controller

In the event that the tenant receives a notice of eviction on pretences, they should go see the rent controller of the relevant jurisdiction and explain why they believe the notice of eviction is invalid. Additionally, following the tenant eviction laws, the court will summon the tenant, who will then be forced to submit his or her case and the arguments supporting the necessary evidence.

Notice of rent payment

If the landowner claims that he has not received the required rent and lists this as the reason for serving the notice of eviction, the tenant may legitimately ask him or her to send the information to his bank account so that he can conduct the transaction and deposit the outstanding rent. Moreover, after agreeing to it, the landowner must give the tenant the information within 10 days of the date they received the notice.

Also Read: Lex Solutions – Your One-Stop Destination For All Things Legal

Steps that you must follow to legally evict a tenant in India

Because eviction laws differ from state to state, the following are typical recommendations for evicting a renter. Nevertheless, you can contact the tenants lawyer of Lex Solutions if you need any assistance.

Serve the Tenant With a Termination Notice

The tenancy must be terminated before a landlord can evict a tenant for cause, and the landowner shall provide the tenant with the required notice before taking legal action to do so. Three different kinds of termination notices are generally available:

  • Pay Rent or Quit: The tenant is required to pay the rent within a predetermined period (often three to five days) or leave the rented property.
  • Cure or Quit: A breach of the rental agreement or lease must be remedied by the tenant within a set amount of time.
  • Unconditional Quit: Without a chance to correct the offense or pay the rent, the tenant must leave the property.

But to evict a tenant without good reason, the landlord must give the renter a 30- or 60-day notice to leave the premises.

File an Eviction Lawsuit

If the renter does not correct the issue or quit the property within the allotted time, the landowner must initiate an unlawful detainer case in small claims court. Following this, landlords have the right to evict tenants by serving a legal notice to tenants to vacate their premises.

Wait for the Tenant’s Answer

Within the time frame given on the summons, the tenant may “answer” the complaint. The renter may, however, use the response to refute the charges or present a defence. And, for instance, a tenant might claim that the eviction was carried out in retaliation or that the unpaid rent was used to pay for repairs the landlord refused to undertake.

Receive a Judgment for Possession

A default judgment is granted to the landowner if the tenant ignores the eviction notice India. Moreover, the landowner is entitled to take ownership of the property if the renter replies with an answer but the court rules in his or her favor.

Remove the Tenant

Despite having the right to reclaim the property, the landlord is unable to evict a renter without the help of a law enforcement official. Nevertheless, the tenant will be informed of the legal eviction and the number of days they have to leave once such an official receives the judgment and the cost. Moreover, the law enforcement authority may physically evict the tenant if they don’t leave the property in the allotted period.

Also Read: Introduction To The Indian Judicial System And Court Hierarchy

Summing Up

Now that you are aware of the characteristics of evictions and how to deal with them in a nation like India, you must use them as needed. Additionally, as a landowner, you must evict a problematic renter per the law. And, to ensure that you are acting legally, consult a local landlord-tenant law attorney in your area. For such assistance, a legal firm in Chandigarh, lexsolution can offer you a one-stop solution.


  • Can a tenant seek an injunction against the landlord?

According to the state rental rules present in India, a tenant does not have the right to issue an injunction against the landlord. Moreover, injunction procedures are always discretionary, and a court of law cannot grant a perpetual injunction in favour of the plaintiff against the right owner if the plaintiff is only a trespasser.

  • Can police evict a tenant in India?

Even if the renters behave disrespectfully, the police cannot assist in reclaiming the property. However, the only court with the authority to order the eviction of a tenant is the court of the rent controller under whose jurisdiction the property is located. 

  • When a tenant can get the benefit of protection against eviction?

If the tenant can show that the landlord gave his written approval to the subtenant, he is entitled to protection from eviction. Additionally, it disallows any other consent, including implied or oral permission.